The Eagle 102 Patriot - January 2023

Born Elvis Aron Presley, January 8, 1935, stories abound regarding the actual spelling of his middle name. Later in life, Elvis adopted Aaron as the official spelling of his middle name. Unlike his middle name, his career was about as far from triv- ial as one could get. Elvis charted more than 100 Top 40 songs, including more than 50 Top 10 songs spanning multiple gen- res. His first chart topping single in Country was “I Forgot To Remember To Forget” in 1955. His first Pop release in 1956,

“Hound Dog” spent eight weeks at number one and 17 weeks at the top of the Country charts. The iconic career of Elvis Presley also included 31 movies cast in a leading role and numerous documentaries. Be on the lookout for additional information and quotes spotlighting Elvis in this month’s issue.

Financial & personal growth


January 2023 ~ Eagle 102 P ATRIOT 3

Elvis Presley was known for loving the finer things - a tour of his Graceland estate in Memphis is the biggest proof...and his cars were no exception. Known to be one of his favorites was a Cadillac Series 75 Fleetwood limousine, and thanks to 24-karat gold plate highlights and trim, many people referred to as Presley’s “Solid Gold” car. Customized by North Hollywood’s Baris Kustom City for a reported $65,000, the car is covered in 40 coats of “diamond dust pearl,” made of crushed diamonds and fish scales. It can be viewed in all its pristine glory at the Country Music Hall of Fame and Museum in Nashville, where it had to be airlifted into the building. The inside of the vehicle features gold lamé drapes, a record player with an automatic changer, a gold-plated television, and a golden amenity case with hairbrush, clipper, and razor. There is a white mouton fur carpet, and an intercom for communicating with the driver.

January 2023 ~ Eagle 102 P ATRIOT 7

A homeowners' guide to ice dams

Cold weather contributes to many dif- ferent conditions that can affect homes.When winds are blowing fiercely, homeowners may soon discover deficits in insulation or in caulking around windows and doors. Icy conditions can cause walk- ways and stairs to become slick. One winter condition can cause exten- sive headaches and damage and could be a mystery to many homeowners. Ice dams occur when warm air in the attic heats up the roof and melts accumulated snow.

Water from this melt runs down the roof and refreezes when it reaches the colder roof edge. A mound of ice forms at the lower edge of the roofline as a result. Ice dams may help create a picturesque winter vista, with icicles hanging and glinting in the sunlight, but they can cause significant damage. According to experts, ice dams can weigh hundreds of pounds if they get large enough, potentially affecting the structural integrity of roof eaves. In ad- dition, ice dams can cause melted runoff to back up under roof shingles. This water can eventually make its way inside, ruin- ing ceilings and walls. The roof, gutters, insulation, interior drywall, and other home surfaces can be damaged if ice dams are left unchecked. The following are some conditions that make a home vulnerable to ice dam for- mation: 1. The presence of snow on the roof. 2. An average outdoor temperature that is 32 F or lower. 3. A roof surface temperature above 32 F at its higher points and below 32 F at the lower end. 4. Indoor heat making its way to the un- derside of the roof. Homeowners should take a few steps to address ice dams. The first is preventing future ice dams from forming. According to First American Roofing and Siding, LLC, improving insulation in the ceiling below the attic and addressing any ineffi- ciencies in the home is necessary. A pro- fessional can do a blower door test, which works by depressurizing the home and using a thermal camera to find areas where insulation is poor. In addition, adequate ventilation under the roof deck is neces- sary so cold air can circulate and prevent the attic from getting so warm that it will melt the snow on the roof. The next step is to remove excess snow from the roof with a roof rake and keeping gutters clear. If ice dams have already formed, hire a professional to remove them, as it can be dangerous to do it one- self. Snow-covered roofs and landscapes can be beautiful, but also dangerous if condi- tions that cause ice dams to form are not addressed.

8 Eagle 102 P ATRIOT ~ January 2023

Official Flag-Flying Days In 2023

January 1....................................New Year’s Day January 16................Martin Luther King, Jr. Day January 20................................Inauguration Day February 12.............................Lincoln’s Birthday February 20.................................President’s Day February 22.......................Washington’s Birthday March 29.....National Vietnam War Veterans Day April 9...........................................Easter Sunday May 14...........................................Mother’s Day May 20...................................Armed Forces Day May 29..........................................Memorial Day June 14..................................................Flag Day June 18............................................Father’s Day June 19....Juneteenth National Independence Day July 4......................................Independence Day September 4........................................Labor Day September 11.....................................Patriot Day September 15...............National POW/MIA Day September 17.............................Constitution Day September 24..................Gold Star Mother’s Day November 11...................................Veterans Day November 23...........................Thanksgiving Day December 7..............................Pearl Harbor Day December 25................................Christmas Day The American flag should be displayed on all days, especially national flag days listed below. Remember that Veterans Day flags should fly at full-staff and Memorial Day flags should fly at half-staff until noon. The flag should also fly at half-staff on Armed Forces Day (May 20), Patriot Day (Sept. 11) and Pearl Harbor Remembrace Day (Dec. 7).

January 2023 ~ Eagle 102 P ATRIOT 9

Elvis Presley Jan. 8, 1935 - Aug. 16, 1977

January is Elvis Appreciation Month The following are some facts about the King

Individuals making New Year's resolutions should not discount the value of utilizing a multifaceted approach to achieving their goals. A recent study from psychology professor and researcher Dr. Gail Mahews examined the effects of writing down goals, com- miing to goal-directed actions and creating accountability for those actions. The 267 participants in the study were sepa- rated into five groups and asked to identify their goals. Each group was then asked to rate each goal based on how difficult and important they thought it was. They also were also asked to rate the extent to which they had the skills and resources to accomplish the goal and rate their commitment and motivation to do so. Participants were also asked to disclose their previous history with the goal, including whether or not they had pursued it or succeeded in their pursuits in the past. Group one was di- rected to think about their goals but not write them down, while groups two through five employed progressively greater initia- tives in pursuit of their goals. The further efforts employed by group five included writing their goals down, sharing those goals with a supportive friend and sending goals progress reports to that friend. At the end of the four-week study, Dr. Mahews concluded that those who made a public commitment by sharing their goals with a friend, sent weekly progress reports to their friend, and wrote down their goals achieved significantly more than par- ticipants who did none of those things. These findings can serve as a useful tool for individuals who plan to make New Year's res- olutions this January.

• Elvis purchased his first guitar when he was just 11 years old. He wanted a rifle, but his mother convinced him to get a guitar instead. • Elvis’ famous black hair was dyed from its natural brown. He used the Miss Clairol #51D - “Black Velvet” to achieve the sleek black color. He also dyed his eyelashes, which caused health problems later in life. • At 18, Elvis paid $4 to make his first record, a gift for his mother. • He played only five concerts outside the U.S., all on a 3-day tour of Canada in 1957. Many believe this is because his manager was an illegal immigrant from Holland who feared deportation. • He was distantly related to former U.S. Presidents Abraham Lincoln and Jimmy Carter. • Elvis recorded more than 600 songs, but did not write any of them.

10 Eagle 102 P ATRIOT ~ January 2023

Hallmarks of Inauguration Day

Every four years, citizens of the United States have the opportunity to vote for the highest office in the country - the President of the United States. American presidents are limited to two four-year terms. Franklin Delano Roo- sevelt is the only president to ever serve more than two terms. The 22nd Amend- ment to the United States Constitution now stipulates a person can only be elected president twice. That amendment was ap- proved by Congress on March 21, 1947, and was ratified by the states on Feb. 27, 1951. After a candidate is elected president and the results are certified by Congress on Jan. 6, the public ea- gerly awaits the Presi- dential Inauguration, which occurs on Janu- ary 20th at 12 noon EST. This ceremony marks the start of a new four-year term. It takes place even if the incumbent is reelected. The only time the in- auguration will not occur on January 20 is if that date falls on a Sunday. In such in- stances, the oath of of- fice is taken privately and then in a public ceremony the following day. Since the 1981 inauguration of Presi- dent Ronald Reagan, the ceremony has taken place at the west front of the United States Capitol building facing the National Mall. The only constitutional requirement for the inauguration is the president takes his oath of office. The remainder of the proceedings are about tradition, but they are not a requirement. According to ABC News, the Bible is not a requirement for Oath of Office, nor is having a Chief of Justice administer the oath. But such com- ponents make for a dramatic showcase. Traditionally, the outgoing president takes part in the ceremony. To date, only three outgoing presidents have refused to accompany the president-elect: John Adams, John Quincy Adams and Andrew

Johnson. The president will give an inaugural ad- dress after being sworn in. Parades also occur after the inauguration, and a lavish Inauguration Ball is held in honor of the new president. The inauguration of the president on January 20 each year is always a memo- rable event after whirlwind campaign sea- sons and election day. It may call to mind some other iconic moments in inaugural history. • In 1789, George Washington gave the shortest inauguration speech. It was only 135 words. • The first president

to take the oath of of- fice in Washington, D.C. was Thomas Jef- ferson in 1801. • First Ladies didn’t always hold an important place at the White House. In 1809, Dolly Madison became the first First Lady to even attend her husband’s inaugu- ration. And then it took another 150-plus years for the FLOTUS

January 20th

to play a part in the ceremony. In 1965, Lady Bird Johnson held the Bible while the president took the oath of office. • John Quincy Adams didn’t take his oath on a Bible. Adams used a law book in- stead that contained the Constitution. • In 1841, William Henry Harrison gave the longest inaugural address ever at 10,000 words long in the midst of a snow- storm. He died one month later from pneu- monia that he is presumed to have contracted on Inauguration Day. • Ulysses S. Grant requested live birds at his inaugural ball. The day was very cold and the birds ended up freezing to death...and the champagne froze. • Theodore Roosevelt is the youngest person to ever be sworn in as president at age 42. Continued to page 37

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January 2023 ~ Eagle 102 P ATRIOT 11

It's never too early to begin saving for retirement. While millions of people have no doubt heard or read those words before, surveys indicate that few people are tak- ing that lesson to heart. A 2018 survey found that 20 percent of Americans don't save any of their an- nual income for retirement. Saving for retirement can seem impossible in house- that their retirement contribution rates be increased when bonuses are issued. Many 401(k) retirement plans allow workers to contribute as much as 80 per- cent of their paychecks. While that's not sustainable for most people every pay pe- riod, increasing your contribution rate dramatically when your bonus is issued is a great way to save more for retire- ment. Contribution rates can then be re- turned to normal the following pay period. Continued to page 42 Four Simple Tips To Save More For Retirement holds where every dollar counts. The following are four simple ways to save more for retirement without making dramatic lifestyle changes. 1. Turn raises into retirement sav- ings. Working professionals can save more for retirement by converting some or all their raises into retirement savings. Pre- tax retirement accounts allow working professionals to put aside money before taxes are paid, so weekly paychecks will not be greatly affected if you choose to increase the percentage of your income you deposit into such accounts. Do this each time you receive a raise and your re- tirement savings will grow considerably. 2. Put bonuses to work. Professionals who receive bonuses can speak to their employer and request

12 Everyday Ways To $AVE!

1. Keep the change from cash pur- chases in a piggy bank. 2. Conserve water and electricity to lower monthly bills. 3. Caulk around windows and doors to reduce heating and cooling costs. 4. Utilize your local library for books and movies rather than purchasing. 5. Bring home leftovers when dining at restaurants. 6. Check for coupons and sales events at stores. 7. Maintain your car and check tire pressure monthly to opitmize fuel miles per gallon. 8. Take advantage of local happy hour specials. 9. Check out second-hand stores. 10. Compare your current insurance, credit card and bank rates. 11. Sign up for customer reward/loy- alty programs whenever possible. 12. Plan weekly meals around what’s on sale at the grocery store.

14 Eagle 102 P ATRIOT ~ January 2023

The Clopton Lady Hawks defeated Mexico, 61-30, to win Consolation in the Montgomery County Tournament. The Bowling Green Lady Cats knocked off Fulton, 43-33, to collect 7th place. Clopton and Bowling Green squared off in the consolation semifinal. The Lady Hawks narrowly defeated the Lady Cats 49-39.

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Sydney Charlton looks for an open teammate as the Lady Cats faced Clopton in the semifinal of the Montgomery County Tournament.

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Bowling Green’s Kaylyn Charlton muscles up a shot past the defense of Clopton’s Shana Yates in the consolation semifinal.

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Clopton’s Skylar Parker moves the ball around the perimeter as Bowling Green’s Kaelynn Wommack applies pressure.

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16 Eagle 102 P ATRIOT ~ January 2023

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The Clopton Hawks edged the Bowling Green Bobcats, 60-51 to collect Consolation at the Montgomery County Tournament. Clopton was seeded fourth and fell to Hermann (5) in the opening round, 62-51 and defeated Wellsville-Middletown, 64-34, in the semifinal. Bowling Green was seeded sixth and fell to Montgomery County (3) in the opening round, 62-24 and defeated New Haven (7), 63-21, in the semifinal.

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Louisiana took third place in the Monroe City Tournament on Friday, December 9 with a 45-40 victory over Monroe City. The Bulldogs were seeded third and defeated Mark Twain (6) in the opening round, 60-54, and fell to Palmyra (2), 57-50, in the championship semifinal.

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Best Wishes to our area teams!

The Louisiana Lady Bulldogs collected the consolation plaque at the Monroe City Tournament with a 38-21 victory over Paris in the final on Friday, December 9. Louisiana was seeded sixth in the tournament and fell to Highland (3) in the opening round, 59-25. The Lady Bulldogs bounced back with a 51-30 win over Marion County (7) in the consolation semifinal.

January 2023 ~ Eagle 102 P ATRIOT 17

Follow your area teams at home & away! Stay Connected with Eagle 102 Sports

Van-Far’s Nikos Connaway scored his 1,000th career point as the Indians faced Silex. He is pictured his father, Coach Pat Connaway.

Elsberry’s Kaden Kinsler scored his 1,000th career point as the season kicked off in November. He is pictured with Coach Caleb Johnson.

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Pittsfield Mayor Gary Mendenhall poses with members of the Pikeland CUSD 7th and 8th grade Lady Braves. Both teams placed in the IESA State Tournament recently with the 7th grade team capturing first place and the 8th grade team winning third place. Find more on page 30.

Mick Mehler

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18 Eagle 102 P ATRIOT ~ January 2023

Clopton Invitational Tournament ••• Jan. 2-7, 2023 •••

(1) Winfield

Girl’s Bracket

(8) Mark Twain Monday, Jan. 2 • 6:00 p.m. HS gym

Consolation Semifinal Wednesday, Jan. 4 • 6:00 p.m. Middle School Gym

Championship Semifinal Wednesday, Jan. 4 • 6:00 p.m. High School Gym

(4) Clopton

(5) Monroe City Monday, Jan. 2 • 7:30 p.m. (2) Silex (7) Wright City Monday, Jan. 2 • 6:00 p.m. (3) Elsberry (6) Louisiana Monday, Jan. 2 • 7:30 p.m. MS gym HS gym MS gym

Consolation Final Friday, Jan. 6 • 5:00 p.m. High School Gym

Championship Final Friday, Jan. 6 • 8:00 p.m. High School Gym

Championship Semifinal Wednesday, Jan. 4 • 7:30 p.m. High School Gym

Consolation Semifinal Wednesday, Jan. 4 • 7:30 p.m. Middle School Gym

Third Place Friday, Jan. 6 • 6:30 p.m. High School Gym

(1) Clopton

Boy’s Bracket

(8) Silex Tuesday, Jan. 3 • 6:00 p.m. HS gym

Championship Semifinal Thursday, Jan. 5 • 6:00 p.m. High School Gym

Consolation Semifinal Thursday, Jan. 5 • 6:00 p.m. Middle School Gym

(4) Monroe City

(5) Winfield Tuesday, Jan. 3 • 7:30 p.m. (2) Elsberry (7) Wright City Tuesday, Jan. 3 • 6:00 p.m. (3) Louisiana (6) Mark Twain Tuesday, Jan. 3 • 7:30 p.m. MS gym MS gym HS gym

Consolation Final Saturday, Jan. 7 • 2:00 p.m. High School Gym

Championship Final Saturday, Jan. 7 • 5:00 p.m. High School Gym

Championship Semifinal Thursday, Jan. 5 • 7:30 p.m. High School Gym

Consolation Semifinal Thursday, Jan. 5 • 7:30 p.m. Middle School Gym

Third Place Saturday, Jan. 7 • 3:30 p.m. High School Gym

Follow your area teams at home & away! Stay Connected with Eagle 102 Sports

January 2023 ~ Eagle 102 P ATRIOT 19

Pleasant Hill’s Skylar Bainter tries to shake Louisiana’s Ty Campbell. The Lady Wolves knocked off the Lady Bulldogs, 54-47.

Louisiana’s Jack Logan goes in for a layup as the Bulldogs took on Pleasant Hill earlier this season. Louisiana defeated the Wolves. Find more photo highlights from throughout the season at and on the Eagle 102 Facebook page.

20 Eagle 102 P ATRIOT ~ January 2022

Elsberry’s Katy Talbot gets past Clopton’s defense to add two points for the Lady Indians. Elsberry picked up the EMO Conference win, 43-41.

Clopton’s Shana Yates sinks a shot for the Lady Hawks as they took on EMO Conference rival Elsberry.

January 2023 ~ Eagle 102 P ATRIOT 21

Jace Eskew maneuvers around Wyatt Harrison and the Louisiana defense.

Bowling Green’s Gunner Bryant eyes the hoop before shooting a free throw as the Bobcats sqaured off with the Buldogs recently. Louisiana came out on top in the matchup.

Louisiana’s Jordan Pederson slips past the defense of Bowling Green’s Grace Deters. The Lady Bulldogs came from behind to win by one point, 57- 56, as the teams faced off on Tuesday, December 13.

22 Eagle 102 P ATRIOT ~ January 2022

Mark Twain’s Conner Eckler makes a move to avoid pressure from Clop- ton’s Jordan Jennewein.

Mark Twain’s Aydan Dye squares off with Clopton’s Stacia Talbert to tip off action between the teams. The Lady Hawks were victorious, 64-24.

Clopton’s Kain Eivins drives inside tpast the Mark Twain defense.

Clopton’s Campbell Lindsey brings the ball down the floor for the Lady Hawks as they faced Mark Twain recenlty.

January 2023 ~ Eagle 102 P ATRIOT 23

Lauren Ince participates in the butterfly event at the meet on December 14.

Jillian Booth takes part in the freestyle event for the Louisiana Bulldogs.

Louisiana’s Mia Nation prepares for her leg of a relay for the Bulldogs.

24 Eagle 102 P ATRIOT ~ January 2022

People vote on Elvis Presley 29-cent stamp

Shortly after midnight in 1993, on what would have been the 58th birthday of Elvis Presley, a 29-cent stamp with his image was officially dedicated in a ceremony at Graceland.

Deciding what to wear for my New Year’s Eve celebration.

January 2023 ~ Eagle 102 P ATRIOT 25

On January 22, 1966, Nancy Sinatra’s “These Boots Are Made For Walkin’” topped the Billboard Hot 100. Critics described the song as "fine folk-rock material" and praised Sinatra's vocal perform- ance and the driving dance beat. The song was written by Lee Hazlewood and was inspired by a line spoken by Frank Sinatra in the 1963 com- edy-western film 4 for Texas : “They tell me them boots ain't built for walkin.’”

EAGLE 102 Top 20 Songs January 2023

1. D OWN H OME - Jimmie Allen 2. W HAT M Y W ORLD S PINS A ROUND - Jordan Davis 3. S ON O F A S INNER - Jelly Roll 4. W HISKEY O N Y OU - Nate Smith 5. T HANK G OD - Kane Brown & Katelyn Brown 6. P ICK M E U P - Gabby Barrett 7. T HAT ’ S W HAT T EQUILA D OES - Jason Aldean 8. O UT I N T HE M IDDLE - Zac Brown Band 9. T HOUGHT Y OU S HOULD K NOW - Morgan Wallen 10. H EART L IKE A T RUCK - Lainey Wilson 11. G OING , G OING , G ONE - Luke Combs 12. Y OU D IDN ’ T - Brett Young 13. W HAT H E D IDN ’ T D O - Carly Pearce 14. W AIT I N T HE T RUCK - Hardy (feat. Lainey Wilson) 15. G OLD - Dierks Bentley 16. H ANDLE O N Y OU - Parker McCollum 17. W ILD A S H ER - Corey Kent 18. W ATER U NDER T HE B RIDGE - Sam Hunt 19. B ROWN E YES B ABY - Keith Urban 20. H UMAN - Cody Johnson ON THE VERGE • R OCK A ND A H ARD P LACE

Charley Pride’s “Kiss an Angel Good Mornin’” captured the #1 spot in January of 1971. The song is considered one of his signature tunes and was his eighth chart-topping country hit. Though he loved music, one of Pride’s dreams was to become a professional baseball

player. In 1952, he pitched for the Memphis Red Sox of the Negro American League. He pitched well and signed a contract in 1953 with the Boise Yankees, the Class C farm team of the New York Yankees. He pitched for several teams until he was drafted into the U.S. Army in 1956.

- Bailey Zimmerman • H OW I T O UGHTA B E - Shane Profitt • G OOD D AY F OR L IVING - Joe Nichols HOT NEW RELEASES • D ANCIN ’ I N T HE C OUNTRY - Tyler Hubbard • H OW I S S HE - Cole Swindell • T ENNESSEE O RANGE - Megan Maroney

Pikeland 7th & 8th Grade Teams Compete In IESA State Games

The 7th Grade Pikeland Community School Lady Braves posted a per- fect 27-0 record on their way to claiming Pikeland’s first ever IESA 7th Grade Class 3A State Championship. The Lady Braves defeated the Washington Panthers (22-3) in the semifinals by a score of 58-28, and secured the championship with a 44-11 win over the Paris Mayo Redbirds (25-4). Above (back row, l-r): Coach Jimmy Sanderson, Elle Sanderson, Peyton Martin, Reese Ramsey, Lincoln McCartney, Coach Frank McCart- ney, Megan Heffington, Paige Willman, Kinlee Griggs and Coach Sydney Himmelman. Front row: Manager Brylee Piper, Jaylynn Grimsley, Briley Jacques, Bailey Hill, Mattie Burton, Libby Kearns and Manager Emma Wombles.

Coach Jimmy Sanderson gathers his seventh grade team in a huddle during the state tournament games recently.

The 8th Grade Pikeland Community School Lady Braves (26-3) capped off a great season with an IESA 8th Grade Class 3A State Third Place finish. Pikeland was edged in the semifinals 27-22 by the eventual state champion Eureka Hornets (26-1). The Lady Braves collected a 24-15 win in the third place game over the Manteno Panthers (22-5). Above (back row, l-r): Coach Jimmy Sanderson, Cadie Mendenhall, Megan Heffington, Kinlee Griggs, Libby Kearns, Piper Henry, Deeghan Allen, Coach Frank McCartney, Paige Willman, Lincoln McCartney, Coach Sydney Himmel- man and Manager Emma Wombles. Front row: Sydnee Cox, Sophie Gen- gler, Jose McClintock, Bailey Hill, Macy Waters and Reese Ramsey.

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30 Eagle 102 P ATRIOT ~ January 2023

Unanimous Selection

Marcus Starks Bowling Green Bobcats Running Back CLASS 2 FIRST TEAM

Gunner Bryant Bowling Green Bobcats Linebacker CLASS 2 FIRST TEAM

Harrison Hunt Bowling Green Bobcats Offensive Line CLASS 2 FIRST TEAM

Dylan Dalton Bowling Green Bobcats Quarterback CLASS 2 THIRD TEAM

Devin Rue Bowling Green Bobcats Offensive Line CLASS 2 SECOND TEAM

Lakoda Preston Mark Twain Tigers Return Specialist CLASS 1 THIRD TEAM

Elks host annual Hoop Shoot The Louisiana Elks Lodge recently held the annual Elks National Foundation Hoop Shoot on November 5 at LHS. Participants from 8-13 years competed in the event. In the girls 12-13 age group, sisters Trinity and Cyrinity Chatman went head to head with a tie of 20 baskets each in the first round of 25 shot0s. It took two tie-breaker rounds of five shots each before Trinity took first place and Cyrin- ity second. Other winners were Alexander Weaver (boys 8-9), Hunter Stribling (boys 10-11), Daisy Stribling (girls 8-9) and Kylee Ahart (girls 10-11). All first place finishers have been invited to take part in the Northeast District Hoop Shoot that will take place on Saturday, January 7 in O'Fallon.

History of umbrellas Reaching for an umbrella during inclimate weather means using an item that is actually more than 4,000 years old that originated in ancient Egypt.

Technology evolves with breakneck speed, and it is not too often that one can say he or she relies on something that has gone largely un- changed for centuries. But each time you reach for an umbrella, you're relying on an invention that's more than 4,000 years old. Evidence suggests umbrellas originated in ancient Egypt and nearby Assyria. The earliest umbrellas or parasols were used to provide pro- tection from the sun. These earliest umbrellas were made from palm leaves attached to sticks. According to, umbrellas signified rank and nobles used the devices to keep their skin pale and untouched by the sun. In Assyria, only kings had the right to be pro- tected by elaborate parasols. Anyone who has been kept dry during a downpour because of umbrellas can thank the

Chinese. The modern-day rain umbrella is a variation of waterproof parasols created in the 11th century BC. The earliest waterproof um- brellas were made of silk or paper that was waxed and lacquered for protection. Again, um- brellas signified a person of esteem, and the more elaborate the umbrella, the more impor- tant the person being protected by the device. It wasn't until the 16th century that the um- brella became popularized in the western world, according to the history and invention site ThoughtCo. The word "umbrella" comes from the Latin root "umbra," meaning "shade." However, in the rainy climates of northern Europe, the water- proof umbrellas would be an asset for men and women hoping to stay dry.

Continued to page 43

36 Eagle 102 P ATRIOT ~ January 2023

Continued from page 11 • In 1925, Calvin Coolidge’s inaugura- tion was the first to be broadcast nationally over radio waves. • At the inauguration of Herbert Hoover, outgoing First Lady Grace Coolidge and incoming First Lady Lou Henry Hoover got lost in the Capitol building and delayed the ceremony for 30 minutes. • Franklin D. Roosevelt’s second inau- guration in 1937 was the rainiest to date, as nearly two inches of rain fell on Wash- ington that afternoon. • In 1949, President Harry S. Truman was the first to deliver his inaugural ad- dress to a televised audience. • Lyndon Johnson took the oath aboard Air Force One after the shocking assassi- nation of President John F. Kennedy in 1963. The judge administering the oath was a woman, and she was the first and only female judge to swear in a U.S. Pres- ident. Sarah Tilghman Hughes (August 2, 1896 – April 23, 1985) was an American lawyer and federal judge who served on the United States District Court for the Northern District of Texas. • Richard Nixon didn't want his 1973 in- auguration to be marred by a bunch of an- noying pigeons. He requested that tree branches along the parade route be treated with a chemical called Roost No More, which would supposedly make the birds' feet itch so they wouldn't want to perch above his motorcade. The inaugural com- mittee spent $13,000 to comply with this anti-pigeon policy, but Nixon got a bit more than he expected. The pigeons didn't

just sit on the branches, they wolfed down the Roost No More, which proved to be highly toxic to birds. Instead of dealing with the minor hassle of live pigeons roost- ing in trees, Nixon's parade was marred by the macabre spectacle of dead and dying pigeons littering the route. • Jimmy Carter's 1977 inauguration was distinctive for a couple of reasons. First of all, he was the first president to be sworn in by a nickname. Second, his Inauguration Day parade included a Macy's Parade-like balloon of a peanut to celebrate his past. • Freezing temperatures forced Ronald Reagan’s second inauguration to move in- doors. It was 7 degrees, the lowest ever on record for the ceremony. Fun fact: Reagan also enjoyed the warmest inauguration day during his 1981 inauguration, at 51 de- grees. • Bill Clinton’s second inauguration, which took place on Jan. 20, 1997, was the first ceremony to be streamed live on the web. • Barack Obama’s first inauguration, on Jan. 20, 2009, broke a few records. In ad- dition to boasting the largest attendance of any presidential inauguration in history, it was also the largest event to ever take place in Washington, D.C. Those who couldn’t make it to the nation’s capital were tuning in, too. It's the internet’s most-watched swearing-in ceremony. • In 2017, Donald J. Trump became the oldest president ever inaugurated. He was 70 years old. Before that, Ronald Reagan held the distinction and now Joe Biden holds the record.

The 50-star flag of the United States is displayed in the center.

To the right and left of the center flag are flags representing the home state of the incoming president. Barack Obama had a 21-star flag for Illinois which represnted Illinois as the 21st state. Donald Trump had the 13-star flag representing the original colonies including his home state of New York.

The two outer flags are known as “Betsy Ross flags” which appeared in the early 1790s.

January 2023 ~ Eagle 102 P ATRIOT 37

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605 Champ Clark Drive Bowling Green 573-213-1055 “Heck of a deal, aint it!”

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730 Bus. Hwy. 61 • Bowling Green 324-2800 Elisha Koenig, owner R EALTY S HOP

1110 Bus. Hwy. 61 ~ Bowling Green 573-324-5130

Craig E. Bowen LLC, CPAs

14 N. Court Street • Bowling Green • 324-2343

222 Georgia Street ••• Louisiana (573) 754-6221

38 Eagle 102 P ATRIOT ~ January 2023

In the United States, more than 1.7 million students attend over 6000 Catholic schools. That includes approximately 5000 elementary schools and nearly 1200 secondary schools. The week recognizes the role Catholic schools play in the students’ lives, their family’s and their com- munities. The schools are committed to providing qualified educators, being involved with parents, and offering a full complement of studies from the basic to advance classes. Most Catholic schools offer open enrollment. Students are not re- quired to be of the Catholic faith to attend. Additionally, schools offer tuition assistance and scholarships. Currently, Catholic schools operate in all 50 states and Washington, D.C. and provide education to all faiths. Since 1974, National Catholic Schools Week is the annual celebration of Catholic education in the United States. It starts the last Sunday in January and runs all week, which in 2023 is January 29 – February 2. Schools typically observe the annual celebration week with Masses, open houses and other activities for students, families, parishioners and community members. Through these events, schools focus on the value Catholic education provides to young people and its contributions to our church, our communities and our nation.

Ryan V. Bibb Mark Capstick • P IKE C OUNTY M EMORIAL H OSPITAL 2305 Georgia Street Louisiana (573) 754-5531 ~

Young Enterprises, Inc. New Hartford ~ 573-669-5225 Miller -- AG SERVICES -- 13688 Hwy Y • Bowling Green (573) 324-6820 Mick Mehler & Sons, Inc. Excavation & Backhoe 573-384-5978 99 Mehler Lane • Silex

January 2023 ~ Eagle 102 P ATRIOT 39

Studio B-side

Find Studio E on page 26

“Don’t Cry Daddy” On January 15, 1969, Elvis Presley

recorded “Don’t Cry Daddy” at American Studios in Memphis. The song was written by Mac Davis and peaked at #6 on the country chart. In 1997, Lisa Marie Presley utilized video of her father singing “Don’t Cry Daddy” to perform a tribute duet for a concert marking the 20th anniversary of his death on August 16, 1997.

January 2023 ~ Eagle 102 P ATRIOT 41

How to build, maintain a strong credit rating

A strong financial history benefits consumers in myriad ways. Individuals with a history of paying their bills on time and avoiding significant consumer debt may be eligible for lower interest rates on big ticket items like homes and automobiles, potentially saving them tens of thousands of dollars over their lifetimes. Though there are many ways to build a strong financial history, avoiding debt is always part of that equation. Credit scores are used to determine consumers' creditworthiness in the eyes of lenders and can affect eligibility for loans and the terms of those loans. Understanding credit scores and how to build and main- tain a good credit rating can be vital to individuals' financial futures. What is a credit score? A credit score is a three-digit number between 300 and 850. The higher the number, the better an individual's credit rating is. The lower the number, the less creditworthy consumers become in the eyes of lenders. What is the average credit score? According to Equifax, which along with Experian and TransUnion is one of three credit reporting agencies, the aver- age credit score in the United States in February 2021 was 698. Credit scores in

Canada range from 300 to 900, and Tran- sUnion reports the average score in Canada is around 650. Is 698 or 650 good? There's good news and bad news for Canadian and American consumers. The average rating in each country falls into the "Fair" (Canada) or "Good" (United States) range. However, consumers should aspire for scores that are higher than the average in both countries. A credit score above 720 is considered "Ex- cellent," and the online financial resource Nerd Wallet reports that individuals with scores above 750 are in even better shape. Such individuals may have access to financial products or be eligible for loan terms that people with lower scores are not privy to. Making the most of those advantages can save consumers considerable sums of money over the course of their lifetimes and may help them build the type of generational wealth millions of people aspire to. How can individuals achieve high credit scores? The best way to build and maintain a high credit score is to understand the fac- tors that influence that score. FICOTM is a data analytics firm that provides credit scoring services. Equifax notes that FICO scores consider five categories from individuals' credit histories:

· Payment history · Amounts owed · Length of credit history · New credit accounts · Mix of credit used

ered "good debt" because they demon- strate an individual's ability to make in- stallment payments on time over a significant length of time. That's what consumers will need to do if they hope to purchase a home in the future and fi- nance it with a mortgage loan. Unlike student loans being repaid in installments, consumer debts like credit card balances must be paid in full each month for consumers to avoid potentially hefty interest charges. Consumers who can't pay those balances in full each month are not demonstrating creditwor- thiness in the eyes of lenders, and that will have an adverse effect on their credit ratings. Understanding credit and how to build and maintain a strong rating is vital to in- dividuals' financial futures. spending tax returns or depositing them into traditional savings accounts, rein- vest them into a retirement account. Speak with a financial planner to help you figure out how to accomplish this goal. Even if it requires opening a new account, the long-term benefits or rein- vesting returns are substantial. Saving for retirement is important, and it's never too late or too early to start setting aside more money for your golden years.

Each of these categories are weighted, and none bears more significance than payment history. Consumers who have demonstrated an ability to pay their bills on time and limit the amounts of debt they carry at any given moment are doing themselves a favor as they look to achieve and maintain a high credit rating. Is all debt the same? It's important that consumers distin- guish consumer debt from student loan debt. Though each type of debt will be reported to the three major credit bu- reaus, student loan debts that are paid on time each month are generally consid- 3. Downsize your home. Empty nesters nearing retirement age may benefit by downsizing their homes. Doing so can reduce utility bills, prop- erty taxes and other expenses, and those savings can then be redirected into retire- ment accounts. 4. Reinvest tax returns. Continued from page 14 People accustomed to receiving tax returns can use that money to catch up on their retirement savings. Rather than

42 Eagle 102 P ATRIOT ~ January 2023

Drive like your life depends on it

• WATCH FOR DEER. Deer almost never obey deer cross- ing signs — or any other road mark- ings, for that matter. But there are ways to minimize your chances of hitting one. FIVE KEYS TO A way to remember this five-part system is to memorize the phrase: All Good Kids Like Milk. 1. Aim high Look ahead at least 1–1½ blocks in urban areas or ¼ mile at high speeds. Aiming high in steering keeps you on a straighter path and your focus on the road as a whole rather than just the im- mediate area in front of you. 2. Get the big picture DEFENSIVE DRIVING: “THE SMITH SYSTEM” Pay attention to the movements of others and anticipate the worst. Drivers may not stop where expected. Assess the potential risks around you — in front, behind, and to the sides. 3. Keep your eyes moving Check your mirrors every 3–5 sec- onds. Reduce highway hypnosis and fixed stares by looking ahead, behind, side-to-side, and at the dashboard in- strument panel. 4. Leave yourself an out Build in a space cushion. Anticipate potential hazards and plan your escape route in case the worst happens. Don't let yourself get boxed in. 5. Make sure they see you Make sure your lights are always in working order so other drivers know when you're turning (which means you need to use your turn signals) or brak- ing and so you can use your headlights and flashers when necessary. Never as- sume other drivers can see you. IF YOU HAVE AN ACCIDENT Even the best drivers have accidents. That’s one reason why we offer small at-fault accident forgiveness to our pol- icyholders.

If you’re reading this, you’re proba- bly an above-average driver. And above-average drivers know it’s those other drivers you have to worry about. Now is a good time to remind your- self about good driving habits so when you encounter bad drivers — or bad driving conditions — you might be less likely to have an accident. • PUT THE PHONE AWAY. Although handheld cell phone use is declining, in 2017 more than 400,000 drivers used their cell phone during daylight hours, according to a National Highway Traffic and Safety Adminis- tration (NHTSA) study. Put the phone out of reach, keep your hands on the wheel, and your eyes on the road. • MINIMIZE OTHER DIS- TRACTIONS. Smartphones are just one cause of distracted driving. You’ve probably seen it all — eating, singing, preening, smoking. We’ve even heard of some- one knitting behind the wheel! Behav- iors like that are some of the reasons why in 2018, 2,841 people were killed and 400,000 were injured in motor ve- hicle crashes involving distracted driv- ers according to NHTSA. And if you’re a teen driver (thanks for read- ing) or the parent of one, we have more tips on how to stay focused on driving. • ADJUST FOR THE CONDI- TIONS. Good drivers adapt their driving when there’s wind, rain, sleet, or snow. Give yourself more time to get to your destination and call or send a message — before you leave — letting whomever is expecting you know that you may be a little late. • BE AWARE. Slow down and leave more room be- tween you and the other vehicles on the road. If you’re tired, consider pulling off and getting some rest or asking someone else to take a turn at the wheel.

“Well, my hands are shaky and my knees are weak. I can’t seem to stand on my own two feet. Who do you thank when you have such luck? I’m in love...I’m all shook up.”

from “All Shook Up” by Elvis Presley • Released on March 22, 1957 •

The single topped the U.S. Billboard Top 100 on April 13, 1957. It stayed there for eight weeks and topped the Billboard R&B chart for four weeks, becoming his second single to do so. The song was also a #1 hit on the country chart as well.

44 Eagle 102 P ATRIOT ~ January 2023

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